SGBV: Husbands, boyfriends are primary perpetrators

A pilot study conducted by Kenyatta University Women’s Economic Empowerment Hub’s Sexual and Gender Based Violence (SGBV) research team has identified Husbands (84.4%) and boyfriends (9.4%) as the primary perpetrators of the vice.  The study on Sexual and Gender Based Violence (SGBV) seeks to evaluate the effectiveness of Rescue Recovery and Rehabilitation Programmes (RRRPs) in preventing and responding to SGBV in Nakuru and Makueni Counties, and test acceptability and efficacy of the Tamar Campaign Model packaged in Reflect Circles in challenging the culture of silence surrounding SGBV among families and communities in Tharaka Nithi County. The pilot targeted 32 women SGBV survivors from three non-state RRRPs and GVRCs to establish the types of SGBV experienced, assistance sought and received, and the economic status of survivors. The study revealed that 62.2% of the women depended on the informal sources of livelihood, and more than half (62.5%) had attained only primary and secondary level of education while only 28.1% had middle level college and university education. 90% of these survivors got married or started living with partners when they were aged 18-25 years.

Since the majority of the survivors were aged between 26yrs and 46yrs, the economically productive years of the individuals’ lives were greatly affected. Many got married at a young age and depended on informal sources of livelihood. These factors predisposed most of the survivors to high dependency on the partners. This explains why the primary perpetrators were husbands and boyfriends. Dependency was also the main reason majority of the survivors stayed in the abusive relationships for a long period of time (more than 7 years) before seeking help. To read more about the pilot findings, click here.

The research team’s policy brief recommendations are accessible via this link


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